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In the introduction to his History, al-Tabari declared his intention to append to it a biographical work for the readers convenience. The thirty-ninth volume is a compendium of biographies of early members of the Muslim community, compiled by al-Tabari; although not strictly a part of his History, it complements it. 250 Biographies Those Who Died in the Year 150 (February 6, y6j-fanuary 25, j68) Abu Hanifah al-Nu'man b. He would have been of no special interest, had my assistant, Tariq Abu Rajab, not unearthed the following unique information: The man was "a poet, a learned man, and practiced kalam (i.e. Nevertheless, the latter's reliability was not beyond dispute. The Banu Hilal were a branch of the northern great confederation of 'Amir b. 1126 I then said "O Commander of the Faithful, my family has sent me to buy something with some money, then refused to accept it." Abu Ja'far said: "What a bad treatment you received from your family! Only a col- lection of excerpts has survived, however. The History has been divided here into thirty-nine volumes, each of which covers about 200 pages of the original Arabic text in the Leiden edition. theological discussions) in the time of al- Tabari. See Kister, "Massacre," 74-80; Landau- Tasseron, "Sayf," 8. Ibn Sa'd, VII/2, 67 (without mention of the source). Take these ten thousands and dole it out." Opinions differ as to the time of Mis'ar's death. 'Abdallah al-Asadi: Mis'ar died in al- Kufah in the year 152/January 14, 769-January 3, 770, during the caliphate of Abu Ja'far [al-Mansur].

It was first published as pan of the Leiden edition of the History and is now presented as a volume in the Tabari Translation Project. An attempt has been made to draw the divid- ing lines between the individual volumes in such a way that each is to some degree independent and can be read as such. " Al-Qattan replied "I prefer Mujalid to Ja'far." Ja'far lived in Medina, where he [also] died in the year 148/February 27, 76 5 -February 15, 766, during the caliphate of Abu Ja'far [al-Mansur], according to al-Waqidl and al-Mada’ini. He had some original views"; see Ibn Hajar, Nuzhat, 178 (note that the text is garbled but the meaning clear). It is the name of a small bird; see Ibn Khallikan, HI, 92. Jones); Suhayl Zakkar, introduction to Ibn Ishaq, Siyai; Conrad, "Ibn Ishaq"; Mustafa, I, 160-62; Duri, 33-37; al-Samuk; Hamldullah, "Muhammad ibn Ishaq." 1120.

It brings together biographies of Companions, Successors, and scholars of subsequept generations; many chapters are devoted to women related to the Prophet who played a role in the trans- mission of knowledge. The page numbers of the Leiden edition appear in the margins of the trans- lated volumes. Said] al-Qattan 1105 was asked "Whom do you prefer, Mujalid b. This is the only biographical source to mention one of the verses recorded here by al-Tabari. On the schools of law and their rivalry, see Schacht, Origins. The verb sharshara means "to bite," and according to the lex- icographer al-Layth, explaining a certain verse, shirshir means a dog. One of the first places in Iraq to be raided by the Muslims in the year 12/63.

Y., 12,246 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Tabari, 838? 39) (Bibliotheca Persica) Includes bibliographical references and index. The annotation is aimed chiefly at clarifying difficult passages, identifying individuals and place names, and discussing textual difficulties. The author of a "supplement" would usually start the book where the earlier author had left off and would tend to follow the style and patterns used by his pre- decessor. The difficulties that de Goeje's text presented even after all their assistance do not reflect upon their efforts. Yohannan Friedmann for some valuable comments and to Dr. Only rarely does [al-Tabari] deal with disparaging transmitters or declaring them trustworthy ( al-jarh wa-al-ta’dil), be- cause his work on biographies suffices in this respect ( ikti - fa’an bi-ta’nkhihi fi al-rijal). Fa-tukfiiahu (with fa’ al-sababiyyah ) is a better reading than the present wa-tukfiruhu; see 251m .a. See al-Safadi, XTV, 200- 1; Ibn Sa'd, VI, 270; al-Dhahabi, Mlzan, I, 348. Zufar belonged to the 'Anbar clan of the tribe of Tamlm, whereas Abu Hanifah was a client of Taymallah of the Bakr confederation, traditional enemies of the Tamim; see fad al-Mawla et al., 170-228. Wa- qid: I saw Abu Hanlfah [sit] to give legal opinions from early in the day until midday. Anas] was once asked [to give his opinion about] al-Battl 1116 and said "He was of a middling sort." He was [also] asked about ['Abdallah] Ibn Shubrumah 1117 and said "He was of a middling sort." "What about Abu Hanifah? Malik said "Had he approached these [stone] columns of yours [in the mosque] and argued with you on the basis of analogy ( qiyas ), he would have made them [turn into] wood." 1118 Muhammad b.

The first volume of this translation contains a biography of al-Tabari and a discussion of the method, scope, and value of his work. Musa al-Kazim, the seventh imam according to the Twelver Shi'ah; see "Musa al-Kazim," EP, VII, 645-48 (E. This mar- riage between the daughter of the sixth Shi'i imam and a member of the 'Abbasid family points to an attempt at reconciling the Shi'is with the new regime. A highly regarded Basran traditionist and expert on rijal, i.e., the biogra- phies and evaluation of transmitters of tradition. Muhammad: I heard a man of the Banu Qafal, of the noblest of the Banu Taym Allah, say to Abu Hanifah "What are you but a client of mine? A theologian and the eponymous founder of one of the law schools, the Hanafiyyah. Schacht); Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, al- intiqd', 122-75; al-Suyuti, Tabyid al-sahifah ; al-Sayrawan, 82; Abu Zahrah; al- Dhahabi, Manaqib al-Imam Abi Hanifah. See al-Sam'ani, HI, 21,31; Ibn al-Athir, Lubdb, II, io,- Ibn Hajar, Tahdhib, XI, 130; al-Dhahabl, Mushtabih, 208, 210, • al-Mizzi, Tahdhib, XXXI, 71-73. He transmitted few traditions and was reli- able ( thiqah ).

The modern Middle East emerged out of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, when Britain and France partitioned the Ottoman Arab lands into several new colonial states.

The following period was a charged and transformative time of unrest.Estelle Whelan, who capably coordinated and saw through the press the publication of most of the volumes in this series, including the present one. Biblical figures appear in the accepted English spelling. They brought him to the market at 'Ukkaz 22 and offered him for sale, whereupon Hakim b. Abu Hanlfah then delivered a speech, saying "Here is Zufar b. He was a transmitter of Arab poetry ( rawiyah ), [as well as] many traditions. The preparation of this volume was made possible in part by a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Bibliotheca Persica Edited by Ehsan Yar-Shater The History of al-Tabari (Ta’rlkh al-rusul wa’l-mnluk) Volume xxxix Biographies of the Prophet's Companions and Their Successors translated and annotated by Ella Landau-Tasseron The Hebrew University of Jerusalem State University of New York Press Published by State University of New York Press, Albany © 1998 State University of New York All rights reserved Printed in the United States of America No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. Iranian names are usually transcribed according to their Arabic forms, and the presumed Iranian forms are often discussed in the footnotes. 1 C: Islamic Culture IOS: Israel Oriental Studies IQ: Islamic Quarterly JAOS: Journal of the American Oriental Society JASB: Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal JESHO: Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient JNES: Journal of Near Eastern Studies JPHS: Journal of the Pakistan Historical Society JRAS: Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society JSAI: Jerusalem Studies in Arabic and Islam JSS: Journal of Semitic Studies MIDEO: Melanges de l’Institut Dominicain d’Etudes Orientales du Caire MW: Muslim World WZKM: Wiener Zeitschrift fur die Kunde Morgenlandes ZDMG: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenlandischen Gesellschaft Translator's Foreword 9 In the introduction to his History al-Tabari declares his intention to append to the work biographical notes on the Prophet's Compa- nions, their Successors, and transmitters of traditions from subse- quent generations. 19 It was reported that in pre-Islamic times Zayd's mother, Su'da bt. al-Hudhayl, one of the Muslims' [religious] leaders and a prominent figure, a man of noble descent, dignity, and knowledge." Some of Zufar's clan said "We are pleased that it was Abu Hanlfah who spoke and no other," as Abu Hanlfah men- tioned Zufar's qualities and praised him. Apparently the reference is to the Basran jurist Uthman b. See Juynboll, Muslim Tradi- tion, 87-88; al-Dhahabi, Siyar, VI, 347; Ibn Hibban, Mashahlr, 265; al-Safadi, XVII, 207; Waki', passim, especially vol. His erudition was immense; he was a seeker of knowledge and a first-rate scholar. Jarir al-Tabari (839-923), here rendered as The History of al-Tabari, is by common consent the most important universal history produced in the world of Islam. Shahak, a client of the caliph al-Mansur, who served the 'Abbasids in several offices. Shirk (read shirkat ) al-'inan, a partnership in a particular thing to the exclusion of the rest of the partners' property. 5 ] 297.6'48 — dc2i [B] 97-45138 CIP Preface 9 The History of Prophets and Kings ( Ta’rikh al-rusul wa’l- muluk ) by Abu Ja'far Muhammad b. More often than not, how- ever, works in this genre contain valuable historical information of the kind often ignored by the authors of mainstream history books. The table of contents at the beginning of each volume gives a brief survey of the topics dealt with in that particular volume. 1112 According to Sulayman — Abu Sa'id: I wrote to Medina [inform- ing the people there] "You have been mocked with this and that, so respond to it." So one of the Medinans responded: I wonder at this erring one, though by fate he is led, for everything that is ordained is ordained. 1120 These were the first cap- tives to arrive at Medina from Iraq.

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